Provisioning BGP filters with bgpq3

Overview

This week, we learned how to create BGP prefix filter lists. Today we discuss tools to aid in the creation of prefix-lists using publicly available information from the IRR database RADb.

These tools are geared more towards service providers, but is worth understanding the techniques and filtering mechanisms providers use to prevent network hijacking in the global routing table.

Details

bgpq3 queries the RADb IRR and returns routes as documented by the ASN / network owners. In this example, Washington University in St. Louis publishes the prefixes they announce in an IRR. By using bgpq3 this information is automatically gathered and presented in a format that can be pasted directly into the native router filtering language:

[email protected]:~ $ bgpq3 -Jl wustl AS2552
policy-options {
replace:
 prefix-list wustl {
    65.254.96.0/19;
    65.254.109.0/24;
    128.25.0.0/16;
    128.252.0.0/16;
    128.252.48.0/24;
    128.252.182.0/24;
    192.31.46.0/24;
 }
}

Comparing the prefix-list returned from bgpq3 to live router data, we confirm the data is accurate:

router-0> show route advertising-protocol bgp
  Prefix		  Nexthop	       MED     Lclpref    AS path
* 65.254.96.0/19          Self                                    2552 2552 [2552] I
* 65.254.109.0/24         Self                                    I
* 128.252.0.0/16          Self                                    2552 2552 [2552] I
* 128.252.25.0/24         Self                                    I
* 128.252.48.0/24         Self                                    I
* 192.31.46.0/24          Self                                    2552 2552 [2552] I

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