Creating logical tunnels within logical systems on JunOS

Overview

Logical systems are a feature within the JunOS operating system to create virtual routers within a single physical platform. Virtualizing the routing platform allows users to maximize resources, separate work loads, or partition services without needing to purchase and install physically separate hardware.

A virtual router has limited use if not connected to other routers. To connect multiple logical systems, there are two main options:

  • Connect each instance with physical interfaces and cables. (Note: On Cisco’s VDCs this is the only option).
  • Create logical tunnels which act as virtual interfaces between logical systems.

Details

Create the logical systems and interfaces.

  • Tunnel interfaces are prefixed with: lt-.
    • Note: check the JunOS guide, logical-tunnels require specific hardware support. On the vMX platform, I had to use: 0/0/0.
  • Logical tunnels use the same Interface name. A unique unit identifier is required on each virtual interface.
  • Use the peer-unit option to connect interfaces together.

Example configuration:

[email protected]> show configuration logical-systems
LogicalSystem-1 {
    interfaces {
        lt-0/0/0 {
            unit 101 {
                encapsulation ethernet;
                peer-unit 201;
                family inet {
                    address 192.168.99.1/24;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}
LogicalSystem-2 {
    interfaces {
        lt-0/0/0 {
            unit 201 {
                encapsulation ethernet;
                peer-unit 101;
                family inet {
                    address 192.168.99.2/24;
                }
            }
        }
    }
}

The interface configuration alone is not enough. Trying to ping between interfaces will fail:

[email protected]> ping 192.168.99.2 logical-system LogicalSystem-1
PING 192.168.99.2 (192.168.99.2): 56 data bytes
ping: sendto: Can't assign requested address
ping: sendto: Can't assign requested address
^C
--- 192.168.99.2 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 0 packets received, 100% packet loss

The tunnel-services option needs to be enabled on the fpc and pic with the proper bandwidth set:

[email protected]# set chassis fpc 0 pic 0 tunnel-services bandwidth 10g

[email protected]# show chassis
fpc 0 {
    pic 0 {
        tunnel-services {
            bandwidth 10g;
        }
    }
}

Communication is successful:

[email protected]> ping 192.168.99.2 logical-system LogicalSystem-1
PING 192.168.99.2 (192.168.99.2): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 192.168.99.2: icmp_seq=0 ttl=64 time=24.495 ms
64 bytes from 192.168.99.2: icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=6.981 ms
^C
--- 192.168.99.2 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 2 packets received, 0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max/stddev = 6.981/15.738/24.495/8.757 ms

Other Notes

The vMX logical tunnel interface needs to be on interface 0/0/0 to work properly. I tried a variety of other interfaces to see what happens:

[edit]
[email protected]# rename logical-systems LogicalSystem-1 interfaces lt-0/0/0 to lt-0/0/7

[edit]
[email protected]# rename logical-systems LogicalSystem-2 interfaces lt-0/0/0 to lt-0/0/7

[edit]
[email protected]# commit
commit complete

[edit]
[email protected]# exit
Exiting configuration mode

[email protected]> ping 192.168.99.2 logical-system LogicalSystem-1
PING 192.168.99.2 (192.168.99.2): 56 data bytes
ping: sendto: Can't assign requested address
ping: sendto: Can't assign requested address
ping: sendto: Can't assign requested address
^C
--- 192.168.99.2 ping statistics ---
3 packets transmitted, 0 packets received, 100% packet loss

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