How to sort IP addresses from the command line

By breaking a list of IPv4 addresses into individual octets, the unix sort command will display the output in numerical order.

cat filewithipaddresses.txt | sort -t . -k 1,1n -k 2,2n -k 3,3n -k 4,4n
  • -t . = Separator identifier used to split the IP address into individual components.
  • -k1,1n = Each section of the IP address is (n)umerically sorted by the (k)ey.

Given a text file with random IP address:

[email protected]:~ $ cat filewithipaddresses.txt | head
10.1.3.2
254.1.3.2
192.168.37.254
192.168.37.16
192.168.37.221
192.168.37.18
192.168.37.210
192.168.37.136
192.168.37.222
192.168.37.223

Sorted output:

[email protected]:~ $ cat filewithipaddresses.txt | sort -t . -k 1,1n -k 2,2n -k 3,3n -k 4,4n | head

10.1.3.2
192.168.37.1
192.168.37.2
192.168.37.6
192.168.37.7
192.168.37.10
192.168.37.14
192.168.37.16
192.168.37.17

sortipv4

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2020-08-12 11:59 -0500

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